Dark matter may be older than the Big Bang

Dark matter, which researchers believe make up about 80% of the universe's mass, is one of the most elusive mysteries in modern physics. What exactly it is and how it came to be is a mystery, but a new Johns Hopkins University study now suggests that dark matter may have existed before the Big Bang.... Read More

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Recent advances in nuclear physics through on-line isotope separation

Nuclear physics is advancing rapidly at the precision frontier, where measurements of nuclear observables are challenging state-of-the-art nuclear models. A major contribution is associated with the increasing availability of accelerated beams of radioactive ions produced using the isotope separ... Read More


Novel MRI technique diagnoses and monitors kidney fibrosis

An interdisciplinary team from RWTH Aachen University Hospital in Germany has developed a new method to image, diagnose and stage kidney fibrosis. The increased production of the protein elastin in diseased kidneys proved key to this finding. By using an MRI contrast agent specific to elastin, t... Read More


Graphene-based nitrogen dioxide gas sensors

In this study, demonstrated that graphene could selectively absorb/desorb NOx molecules at room temperature. Chemical doping with NO2 molecules changed the conductivity of the graphene layers, which was quantified by monitoring the current–voltage characteristics at various NO2 gas concentration... Read More

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